Safranbolu is located in the northwestern region of Anatolia. This city, formerly known as “Paphlagonia”, dates back to 3000 BC. Safranbolu, which took its name from the saffron plant, which can dye a hundred thousand times its own weight in yellow, has hosted many civilizations throughout history. In this region between Kızılırmak and Fiyos River, Hittites, Firigs, indirectly Lydians, Persians, Hellenistic Kingdoms (Ponds), Romans, Seljuks, Çabanoğulları, Candaroğulları and Ottoman Empire have ruled. Seljuk Sultan II, the hill where today’s Safranbolu Castle is located, in 1196, under the definite sovereignty of the Turks. He was conquered by Kılıçarslan’s son Melik Muhiddin Mesut.
Safranbolu reached the highest economic and cultural prosperity in its history during the Ottoman period. The city was enriched in the specified period due to the fact that it was a mansion place on the Istanbul-Sinop caravan road in the 17th century. In this period, the relationship between Kastamonu and Istanbul cities and Safranbolu made significant progress and Ottoman statesmen left artifacts in the city.
Safranbolu was affiliated to Zonguldak Province in 1927. Ulus District, which is affiliated to Safranbolu, was separated from Safranbolu in 1953 and Eflani and Karabük Substations were converted into districts in 1945. However, in 1937, Turkey’s first heavy iron industry has shown a rapid development in the establishment of Karabük Karabük Karabük and became Turkey’s 78 Provinces in 1995, it has been linked to Karabük Safranbolu.